90 years ago today, a Catholic nun first arrived in Calcutta to work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people. She became Mother Teresa, renown for her charity, unselfishness, hard work, and a natural talent for organization. Before her death in 1997, she had established 4,000 sisters serving in 123 countries of the world and won a Nobel Peace Prize. (1929)
MORE Good News on this Date:
- Samuel Morse first successfully tested the electrical telegraph (1838)
- Maria Montessori opened her first school and care center for working class children in Rome (1907)
- Gibson guitars launched its Flying V electric guitar, with a radical, futuristic body design and powerful sound created with limba wood that became a favorite of Albert King, Jimi Hendrix, Marc Bolan, and ZZ Top (1958)
- Mutual of Omaha’s ‘Wild Kingdom’ first aired on NBC hosted by Marlin Perkins (1963)
- The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) was returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II (1978)
- The First World Congress of Imams and Rabbis for Peace began in Belgium, a group that now includes more than 150 imams and rabbis from 20 countries (2005)
On this day in 1941, in a speech to congress, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt offered his vision of “The Four Freedoms” for which America would fight in World War II. The freedom of speech, the freedom of worship, the freedom from want, and the freedom from fear – together these brought hope in the coming years to a war-wearied people, particularly after one artist gave them a vision of what they were fighting for.
Two years later, that artist, Norman Rockwell, was inspired to paint images for each of FDR’s Four Freedoms. The prints toured the nation, helping to sell 133 million dollars in war bonds and stamps that paid for America’s war effort.
The iconic ideas enunciated in Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms were the principles that evolved into the Atlantic Charter declared by him and Winston Churchill in August 1941; and the foundation of an imagined international organization, which became the United Nations after FDR’s death; and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948 through the work of his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt.